Dyeing Process is a method which imparts beauty to the textile by applying various colors and their shades on to a fabric. Dyeing can be done at any stage of the manufacturing of
textile- fiber, yarn, fabric or a finished textile product including garments and apparels. The property of color fastness depends upon two factors- selection of proper dye
according to the textile material to be dyed and selection of the method for dyeing the fiber, yarn or fabric.
- Dyes are used for coloring the fabrics. Dyes are molecules which absorb and reflect light at specific wavelengths to give human eyes the sense of color.
There are two major types of dyes - natural and synthetic dyes. The natural dyes are extracted from natural substances such as plants, animals, or minerals.
Synthetic dyes are made in a laboratory. Chemicals are synthesized for making synthetic dyes. Some of the synthetic dyes contain metals too.
- Synthetic dyes are classified based upon their chemical composition and the method of their application in the dyeing process.
- Basic (Cationic) Dyes Basic dyes are water-soluble and are mainly used to dye acrylic fibers. They are mostly used with a mordant.
A mordant is a chemical agent which is used to set dyes on fabrics by forming an insoluble compound with the dye.
With mordant, basic dyes are used for cotton, linen, acetate, nylon, polyesters, acrylics and modacrylics.